VIDIOC_QUERYCAP — Query device capabilities


int ioctl(int fd,
 int request,
 struct v4l2_capability *argp);



File descriptor returned by open().





All V4L2 devices support the VIDIOC_QUERYCAP ioctl. It is used to identify kernel devices compatible with this specification and to obtain information about driver and hardware capabilities. The ioctl takes a pointer to a struct v4l2_capability which is filled by the driver. When the driver is not compatible with this specification the ioctl returns an EINVAL error code.

Table A.85. struct v4l2_capability


Name of the driver, a unique NUL-terminated ASCII string. For example: "bttv". Driver specific applications can use this information to verify the driver identity. It is also useful to work around known bugs, or to identify drivers in error reports.

Storing strings in fixed sized arrays is bad practice but unavoidable here. Drivers and applications should take precautions to never read or write beyond the end of the array and to make sure the strings are properly NUL-terminated.

__u8card[32]Name of the device, a NUL-terminated ASCII string. For example: "Yoyodyne TV/FM". One driver may support different brands or models of video hardware. This information is intended for users, for example in a menu of available devices. Since multiple TV cards of the same brand may be installed which are supported by the same driver, this name should be combined with the character device file name (e. g. /dev/video2) or the bus_info string to avoid ambiguities.
__u8bus_info[32]Location of the device in the system, a NUL-terminated ASCII string. For example: "PCI Slot 4". This information is intended for users, to distinguish multiple identical devices. If no such information is available the field may simply count the devices controlled by the driver, or contain the empty string (bus_info[0] = 0).

Version number of the driver.

Starting on kernel 3.1, the version reported is provided per V4L2 subsystem, following the same Kernel numberation scheme. However, it should not always return the same version as the kernel, if, for example, an stable or distribution-modified kernel uses the V4L2 stack from a newer kernel.

The version number is formatted using the KERNEL_VERSION() macro:

#define KERNEL_VERSION(a,b,c) (((a) << 16) + ((b) << 8) + (c))

__u32 version = KERNEL_VERSION(0, 8, 1);

printf ("Version: %u.%u.%u\n",
	(version >> 16) & 0xFF,
	(version >> 8) & 0xFF,
	 version & 0xFF);
__u32capabilitiesAvailable capabilities of the physical device as a whole, see Table A.86, “Device Capabilities Flags”. The same physical device can export multiple devices in /dev (e.g. /dev/videoX, /dev/vbiY and /dev/radioZ). The capabilities field should contain a union of all capabilities available around the several V4L2 devices exported to userspace. For all those devices the capabilities field returns the same set of capabilities. This allows applications to open just one of the devices (typically the video device) and discover whether video, vbi and/or radio are also supported.
__u32device_capsDevice capabilities of the opened device, see Table A.86, “Device Capabilities Flags”. Should contain the available capabilities of that specific device node. So, for example, device_caps of a radio device will only contain radio related capabilities and no video or vbi capabilities. This field is only set if the capabilities field contains the V4L2_CAP_DEVICE_CAPS capability. Only the capabilities field can have the V4L2_CAP_DEVICE_CAPS capability, device_caps will never set V4L2_CAP_DEVICE_CAPS.
__u32reserved[3]Reserved for future extensions. Drivers must set this array to zero.

Table A.86. Device Capabilities Flags

V4L2_CAP_VIDEO_CAPTURE0x00000001The device supports the single-planar API through the Video Capture interface.
V4L2_CAP_VIDEO_CAPTURE_MPLANE0x00001000The device supports the multi-planar API through the Video Capture interface.
V4L2_CAP_VIDEO_OUTPUT0x00000002The device supports the single-planar API through the Video Output interface.
V4L2_CAP_VIDEO_OUTPUT_MPLANE0x00002000The device supports the multi-planar API through the Video Output interface.
V4L2_CAP_VIDEO_OVERLAY0x00000004The device supports the Video Overlay interface. A video overlay device typically stores captured images directly in the video memory of a graphics card, with hardware clipping and scaling.
V4L2_CAP_VBI_CAPTURE0x00000010The device supports the Raw VBI Capture interface, providing Teletext and Closed Caption data.
V4L2_CAP_VBI_OUTPUT0x00000020The device supports the Raw VBI Output interface.
V4L2_CAP_SLICED_VBI_CAPTURE0x00000040The device supports the Sliced VBI Capture interface.
V4L2_CAP_SLICED_VBI_OUTPUT0x00000080The device supports the Sliced VBI Output interface.
V4L2_CAP_RDS_CAPTURE0x00000100The device supports the RDS capture interface.
V4L2_CAP_VIDEO_OUTPUT_OVERLAY0x00000200The device supports the Video Output Overlay (OSD) interface. Unlike the Video Overlay interface, this is a secondary function of video output devices and overlays an image onto an outgoing video signal. When the driver sets this flag, it must clear the V4L2_CAP_VIDEO_OVERLAY flag and vice versa.[a]
V4L2_CAP_HW_FREQ_SEEK0x00000400The device supports the VIDIOC_S_HW_FREQ_SEEK ioctl for hardware frequency seeking.
V4L2_CAP_RDS_OUTPUT0x00000800The device supports the RDS output interface.
V4L2_CAP_TUNER0x00010000The device has some sort of tuner to receive RF-modulated video signals. For more information about tuner programming see the section called “Tuners and Modulators”.
V4L2_CAP_AUDIO0x00020000The device has audio inputs or outputs. It may or may not support audio recording or playback, in PCM or compressed formats. PCM audio support must be implemented as ALSA or OSS interface. For more information on audio inputs and outputs see the section called “Audio Inputs and Outputs”.
V4L2_CAP_RADIO0x00040000This is a radio receiver.
V4L2_CAP_MODULATOR0x00080000The device has some sort of modulator to emit RF-modulated video/audio signals. For more information about modulator programming see the section called “Tuners and Modulators”.
V4L2_CAP_READWRITE0x01000000The device supports the read() and/or write() I/O methods.
V4L2_CAP_ASYNCIO0x02000000The device supports the asynchronous I/O methods.
V4L2_CAP_STREAMING0x04000000The device supports the streaming I/O method.
V4L2_CAP_DEVICE_CAPS0x80000000The driver fills the device_caps field. This capability can only appear in the capabilities field and never in the device_caps field.

[a] The struct v4l2_framebuffer lacks an enum v4l2_buf_type field, therefore the type of overlay is implied by the driver capabilities.

Return Value

On success 0 is returned, on error -1 and the errno variable is set appropriately. The generic error codes are described at the Generic Error Codes chapter.